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Internal Medicine

General Information

Descripción larga: 

This speciality covers a significant number of areas of knowledge from medical specialities to be able to give a more complete care package for each case, particularly when medical problems emerge in different organs.

Taking an overall view, we aim to provide care for all coinciding pathologies, particularly in older patients or patients with multiple pathologies. This is important in patients where concurring pathologies increase cardiovascular risks such as high blood pressure, diabetes and dyslipdemias and it is simpler for just one specialist to supervise their treatment.

Furthermore, we have specialised units such as Rare and Systematic Diseases Unit and Vascular Risks Unit.


  • Hospital care for patients admitted for medical pathologies including infectious, auto-immune diseases and systemic, metabolic and other illnesses.
  • Care in external surgeries.
  • Complete care for patients with vascular risk factors: high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus…
  • Complete care for elderly patients with multiple coinciding pathologies (cardiac insufficiencies, COPD, diabetes, HP...).
  • Care for patients with pathologies with an infectious origin.
  • Care, diagnosis and treatment of patients with systemic diseases (affecting different organs) with auto-immune, metabolic and other origins.
  • Basic health checks and control of risk factors.
  • Checks for suspected sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Requests for rounds of analytical, serological studies and radiological studies (scans, CAT, magnetic resonances) and endoscopies when necessary for diagnosis and monitoring of the different processes.


  • Dr. Gavilán, Juan Carlos
  • Dra. Aguilar, Isabel María
  • Dra. Arnero, Rocío
  • Dra. Gallardo, Patricia
  • Dra. Gómez, Susana
  • Dr. López, Antonio Joaquín
  • Dra. Martín, Raquel
  • Dra. Moreno, Tamara
  • Dr. Ojeda, Guillermo Gonzalo
  • Dra. Vasileva, Nina


Preguntas frecuentes: 

What is Internal Medicine?

It’s a specialty focusing on patients who present a pathology affecting different internal organs, or systemic diseases that simultaneously affect different parts of the body or produce general manifestations (infectious diseases, autoimmune disorders, endocrine alterations, etc.), which are treated with medication or physical procedures other than surgery, and always with a comprehensive, patient-centred approach.

What diseases does an internist treat?

The internist comprehensively treats all pathologies of the lungs, liver, digestive tract, etc., with the help of diagnostic procedures and the opinion of other specialists if required. All of the patient’s diseases or problems are addressed, and the most important are prioritised within a personalised treatment plan. Diseases that are systemic in nature, affecting different organs or systems at the same time, are treated exclusively, and infectious diseases are treated very specifically.

What are the advantages of being seen by an internist rather than another specialist?

It’s important when the patient presents several pathologies simultaneously, or diseases affecting different organs, which would otherwise require the attention of several specialists at the same time. The internist is therefore responsible for requesting different tests and adapting medications to make sure they don’t interact with each other. It’s also essential for the systemic pathologies and infectious diseases that are treated specifically by an internist to be supported by tests and the opinions of other specialists (if necessary).

If my illness requires hospitalisation, can the internist treat me?

The internist always treats patients in a hospital setting, either through outpatient clinics or while patients are hospitalised, and coordinates their treatment with other medical specialists and surgeons. Given their extensive training, internists often act as coordinators when different physicians intervene in the care and treatment of patients.

What are systemic diseases?

Some diseases do not affect a single organ exclusively, but produce general symptoms with a greater or lesser effect on different organs or systems, making them more difficult to diagnose. Such diseases can have various causes (an excess or lack of certain substances), which is why the internist is the specialist best able to diagnose them.

Who treats patients suffering from infections?

Infectious diseases are given priority treatment by internists. Some infections are common and easy to diagnose, while other cases are more complex because the illness is less usual and the manifestations are very non-specific. Internists are specially trained to diagnose and treat infectious diseases.

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